Self-disclosure topic model for classifying and analyzing Twitter conversations
JinYeong Bak, Chin-Yew Lin and Alice Oh
firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org
Empirical Methods in Natural Language Processing (EMNLP 2014)
Self-disclosure, the act of revealing oneself to others, is an important social behavior that strengthens interpersonal relationships and increases social support. Although there are many social science studies of self-disclosure, they are based on manual coding of small datasets and questionnaires. We conduct a computational analysis of self-disclosure with a large dataset of naturally-occurring conversations, a semi-supervised machine learning algorithm, and a computational analysis of the effects of self-disclosure on subsequent conversations. We use a longitudinal dataset of 17 million tweets, all of which occurred in conversations that consist of five or more tweets directly replying to the previous tweet, and from dyads with twenty of more conversations each. We develop self-disclosure topic model (SDTM), a variant of latent Dirichlet allocation (LDA) for automatically classifying the level of self-disclosure for each tweet. We take the results of SDTM and analyze the effects of self-disclosure on subsequent conversations. Our model significantly outperforms several comparable methods on classifying the level of self-disclosure, and the analysis of the longitudinal data using SDTM uncovers significant and positive correlation between self-disclosure and conversation frequency and length.
Source Code and Data
- Source Code (Github)